The shape of the change: Cumulative and incremental changes in daily mood during mobile-app-supported mindfulness training

Golec de Zavala, Agnieszka; Forster, Chiara; Ziegler, Matthias; Nalberczak-Skora, Maria; Ciesielski, Pawel and Mazurkiewicz, Magdalena. 2024. The shape of the change: Cumulative and incremental changes in daily mood during mobile-app-supported mindfulness training. Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being, ISSN 1758-0846 [Article] (In Press)

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Abstract or Description

Understanding of the exact trajectories of mood improvements during mindfulness practice helps to optimize mindfulness-based interventions. The Mindfulness-to-Meaning model expects mood improvements to be linear, incremental, and cumulative. Our findings align with this expectation. We used multilevel growth curve models to analyze daily changes in positive mood reported by 190 Polish participants during 42 days of a mobile-app-supported, mindfulness-based intervention. The daily positive mood increased among 83.68% of participants. Participants who started the training reported worse mood improved more and faster than participants with better mood at the baseline. Dispositional mindfulness and narcissism – individual difference variables associated with high vs. low emotion regulation ability, respectively – were not associated with mood improvement trajectories. A small group of participants (16.32%) showed a steady decline in positive mood during the intervention. The results underscore the importance of a more comprehensive understanding of individual variability in benefiting from mindfulness-based interventions.

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Funding details This work was supported by the Polish National Science Centre advanced research grant Maestro [2017/26/A/HS6/00647] awarded to Agnieszka Golec de Zavala

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Data and codes are available at


adverse consequences, daily mood changes, mindfulness, multilevel growth curve modeling, well-being

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1 December 2023Accepted
6 January 2024Published Online

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Date Deposited:

17 Jan 2024 09:45

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17 Jan 2024 09:45

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Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.


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