When Music Speaks: Mental Health and Next Steps in the Danish Music lndustry. Part 2 - A Review of Models of Musicians' Mental Health Interventions

Musgrave, George; Gross, Sally-Anne and Carney, Daniel. 2024. When Music Speaks: Mental Health and Next Steps in the Danish Music lndustry. Part 2 - A Review of Models of Musicians' Mental Health Interventions. Project Report. Danish Partnership for Sustainable Development in Music, Copenhagen, Denmark. [Report]

Musgrave, Gross & Carney (2024) When Music Speaks Part 2.pdf - Published Version

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Abstract or Description

Executive Summary:

• There is a need for peer-reviewed scholarship on the effectiveness of musicians’ mental health interventions.

• An initial review of global mental health interventions for musicians was undertaken as part of this report from which four models of practice were discernible: telephone helplines; preventative models; therapeutic approaches, and peer support models. These are not mutually exclusive nor necessarily exhaustive.

• We have named examples of organisations throughout who are included as examples of best practice that draw on these models (wholly or in part).

• Of the four models explored below, and with reference to our survey findings on Danish music creators, we would suggest that both therapeutic and peer support models offer the most favourable evidence base. Resilience-based, preventative methods are potentially promising for musical performers at specific career stages and in certain demographics despite a lack of peer-reviewed evidence to date, and helplines based on need in a crisis are, on balance, likely to offer less utility in the Danish context given our survey data.

• Of all of the four models we have explored, a more holistic and/or multi-faceted approach is likely to yield the best results, which is indeed adopted by many of the organisations named.

• The best examples of musicians’ mental health interventions embed mechanisms in order to rigorously evaluate effectiveness amongst service users across different modalities, time scales and musician demographics, and share these findings with stakeholders, with service offerings adapted accordingly.

Item Type:

Report (Project Report)

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Additional Information:

This version of the report [10.5281/zenodo.10808427] replaces and supersedes an earlier version of the report [doi: 10.5281/zenodo.10688210].

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Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Institute for Cultural and Creative Entrepreneurship (ICCE)


6 March 2024

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Date Deposited:

19 Apr 2024 08:19

Last Modified:

19 Apr 2024 08:19



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