Electronic cigarette use among adult smokers: longitudinal associations with smoking and trait impulsivity

Kale, Dimitra; Pickering, Alan and Cooper, Andrew. 2023. Electronic cigarette use among adult smokers: longitudinal associations with smoking and trait impulsivity. Journal of Substance Use, ISSN 1465-9891 [Article] (In Press)

Kale et al 2023.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (889kB) | Preview

Abstract or Description

The present exploratory study uses a longitudinal design to assess the associations between electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use and cigarette smoking, motivation to quit and trait impulsivity among adult smokers.

One hundred and sixteen cigarette smokers only and ninety-one dual users (smoke cigarettes and use e-cigarettes) were recruited (mean age [standard deviation] = 25.11[6.94], male = 48.3%). Participants were recruited online and 121 were followed-up at 3 months. Participants completed online questionnaires regarding socio-demographics, smoking/e-cigarette use characteristics and trait impulsivity at baseline, and they self-reported their smoking status at 3-month follow-up.

The use of e-cigarettes in cigarette smokers was associated with a higher rate of stopping cigarette smoking at follow-up, relative to smokers who did not use e-cigarettes (χ2[1] = 11.03, p < 0.01). Multivariate logistic regressions controlling for age and gender showed a significant association between motivation to quit and stopping cigarette smoking at follow-up (odds ratio = 2.11, 99% Confidence Interval = 1.12–3.97, p < 0.01). There was no link between trait impulsivity and stopping cigarette smoking.

The data suggest that e-cigarettes may increase rates of quitting cigarette smoking.

Item Type:


Identification Number (DOI):


Data Access Statement:

The dataset used and analyzed during the current study is available from the corresponding author (Dimitra Kale) on reasonable request.


E-cigarette; cigarettes; smoking cessation; impulsivity; motivation

Departments, Centres and Research Units:



9 October 2023Accepted
3 November 2023Published Online

Item ID:


Date Deposited:

01 Mar 2024 16:17

Last Modified:

01 Mar 2024 16:17

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.



View statistics for this item...

Edit Record Edit Record (login required)