‘The world is not organized for Peace’: Feminist manifestos and utopias in the making of international law

Labenski, Sheri. 2023. ‘The world is not organized for Peace’: Feminist manifestos and utopias in the making of international law. Global Constitutionalism, 12(3), pp. 438-468. ISSN 2045-3817 [Article]

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Abstract or Description

Feminists have utilised manifestos in order to make important, often times revolutionary, contributions to international law. However, these engagements have not been reflected in international law's substance. The sources of international law, specifically customary international law, rely on a narrow understanding of historical knowledge. This article encourages an expansion of customary international law’s parameters to include examples of collective feminist peace work, such as feminist manifestos. In particular, the 1924 manifesto and the New International Order, created by the Women's League for International Peace and Freedom, are used as examples of the rich underutilised history of feminist peace work.

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This article is part of the Gendered Peace project, which has received funding from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (Grant agreement No. 786494).


customary international law; feminism; manifesto; New International Order; utopia; WILPF

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4 November 2022Published Online
November 2023Published

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06 Mar 2024 16:55

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06 Mar 2024 16:55

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Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.



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