Globally connected, nationally restrained: Platform ambiguities and censorship in Turkey’s drama production

Bulut, Ergin. 2024. Globally connected, nationally restrained: Platform ambiguities and censorship in Turkey’s drama production. International Journal of Cultural Studies, ISSN 1367-8779 [Article] (In Press)

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Abstract or Description

About a decade ago, Turkey’s television drama makers believed that streaming platforms would expand markets and create an uncensored space. Platforms did partly reform working conditions and enable drama creatives globally produce quality shows. Yet, creatives remain politically restrained because of platforms’ compliance with state regulations. Drawing on platform studies’ emphasis on how platforms have both restraining and enabling features and extending this towards the contradictions around creative freedom and state control, I conceptualize drama creatives’ working experiences with national and global streaming platforms through platform ambiguity. Platform ambiguity allows for grasping how platforms exert power over cultural producers by both enabling and restraining their creative work. Dewesternizing platforms and cultural production scholarship by highlighting how drama makers are not only creative but also geopolitical subjects dependent on the state, I show that their imaginaries and labor practices are always embedded in national contexts and shaped by regulatory structures.

Item Type:


Identification Number (DOI):


platform imaginaries, cultural production, platform ambiguity, state, dewesternizing, censorship, self-censorship, Turkish dramas

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Media, Communications and Cultural Studies
Media, Communications and Cultural Studies > Centre for the Study of Global Media and Democracy


26 April 2024Accepted

Item ID:


Date Deposited:

30 Apr 2024 12:15

Last Modified:

30 Apr 2024 22:23

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.


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