Authoritarians and “revolutionaries in reverse”: Why collective narcissism threatens democracy

Golec de Zavala, Agnieszka. 2024. Authoritarians and “revolutionaries in reverse”: Why collective narcissism threatens democracy. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, ISSN 1368-4302 [Article] (In Press)

golec-de-zavala-2024-authoritarians-and-revolutionaries-in-reverse-why-collective-narcissism-threatens-democracy.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (321kB) | Preview

Abstract or Description

Collective narcissism is a belief that the ingroup deserves but is denied special treatment and recognition. It is a projection of the narcissistic need to be recognized as better than others on the social level of the self. It is an aspect of ingroup identification, one of the ways group members favour their ingroup. National narcissism is associated with collective narcissism of advantaged national subgroups (e.g., Whites, men). National collective narcissism and collective narcissism of advantaged groups similarly predict discrimination of disadvantaged national subgroups (e.g., racial minorities, women) and legitimization of group-based inequality. Members of disadvantaged groups who endorse national narcissism internalize beliefs legitimizing inequality. Ultraconservative populists propagate national narcissism to undermine the political system that does not sufficiently serve the interests of advantaged groups. National narcissism predicts patriotism and nationalism. Once the three forms of national favouritism are differentiated, it becomes clear that patriotism does not come at the expense of nationalism, discrimination, societal polarization, or erosion of democracy. Instead, it may be a remedy against them.

Item Type:


Identification Number (DOI):

Additional Information:

Funding: The author disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: This work was supported by the Polish National Science Centre advanced research grant Maestro (2017/26/A/HS6/00647) awarded to Agnieszka Golec de Zavala.


antiestablishment orientation, collective narcissism, conspiracy theories, nationalism, need for chaos, populism, right- and left-wing authoritarianism

Departments, Centres and Research Units:



2 March 2024Accepted
April 2024Published Online

Item ID:


Date Deposited:

15 May 2024 13:56

Last Modified:

15 May 2024 14:00

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.


View statistics for this item...

Edit Record Edit Record (login required)