Validation of a Persian Version of an English Language Ecologically-Valid Assessment of Executive Functions Through Childhood and Adolescence

Eskandari, Elham; Jansari, Ashok S. and Bagheri, Mahdi. 2023. Validation of a Persian Version of an English Language Ecologically-Valid Assessment of Executive Functions Through Childhood and Adolescence. Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, ISSN 0960-2011 [Article] (In Press)

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Abstract or Description

Childhood and adolescence are pivotal periods for cognitive development. Executive functions are crucial for efficient cognitive functioning, so accurate assessment is important. One ecologically-valid virtual reality test is the Jansari assessment of Executive Functions for Children (JEF-C©; Jansari et al., 2012). In a cross-sectional study, we aimed at translating, adapting and validating JEF-C© into Persian, and at investigating whether this Persian version (JEF-C©(P)) can identify stages of development of executive functions in children aged from 8 to 16. Children and adolescents (N = 146) falling into three age groups participated: 8-10, 11-13 and 14-16 years old. They completed JEF-C©(P) and the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST). There were acceptable Cronbach’s alpha coefficients for JEF-C©(P) total score (α = .72) and all constructs had a positive impact on total internal consistency, except action-based prospective memory that did not affect it. There was an effect of age group on overall JEF-C©(P) performance and of age on four constructs. There was also a correlation between the number of categories on WCST and the prioritization construct of JEF-C©(P). It seems that JEF-C©(P) is an ecologically valid executive function assessment sensitive to age and could be useful for both researchers and clinicians working with children.

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"This is an original manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Neuropsychological Rehabilitation on 31 July 2023, available at: It is deposited under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License (, which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited."


Executive functions; assessment; children and adolescents; ecological validity; cultural adaptation

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20 June 2023Accepted
31 July 2023Published Online

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13 Jun 2024 10:06

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13 Jun 2024 15:44

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Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.


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