Confirmatory bias in the evaluation of personality descriptions: positive test strategies and output interference

Davies, Martin F.. 2003. Confirmatory bias in the evaluation of personality descriptions: positive test strategies and output interference. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 85(4), pp. 736-744. ISSN 0022-3514 [Article]

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Abstract or Description

The operation of confirmatory bias in the endorsement of personality descriptions was examined in 4 studies. Unlike M. F. Davies (1997), who provided only inferential evidence for the role of this bias, the present studies provided direct evidence through the experimental manipulation of supporting versus contradictory cognitions. Generating supporting thoughts resulted in greater acceptance whereas generating contradictory thoughts resulted in lower acceptance of personality descriptions. Supporting cognitions were found to be generated before contradictory cognitions in line with a positive test strategy but evidence was also found for an output interference effect (generating one type of thought interfered with the generation of the opposite type) and it was suggested that confirmatory bias is due to the operation of both mechanisms.

Item Type:

Article

Identification Number (DOI):

https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.85.4.736

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Psychology

Dates:

DateEvent
2003Published

Item ID:

48

Date Deposited:

11 Aug 2008 12:24

Last Modified:

29 Apr 2020 15:28

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.

URI:

http://research.gold.ac.uk/id/eprint/48

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