Variation in DRD2 dopamine gene predicts extraverted personality

Smillie, Luke D.; Cooper, Andrew; Proitsi, Petroula; Powell, John F. and Pickering, Alan. 2010. Variation in DRD2 dopamine gene predicts extraverted personality. Neuroscience Letters, 468(3), pp. 234-237. ISSN 03043940 [Article]

No full text available

Abstract or Description

Quantitative geneticists estimate the heritability of Extraverted personality to be around 40–60%. Theory and research which links Extraversion with variation in dopaminergic function suggests that dopaminergic genes should be a start-point for molecular genetic investigations of this trait. Recent endeavours in this area have met with some encouragement but also setbacks. In this study, we investigate the relationship between Extraversion and the DRD2 TaqIA/ANKK1 polymorphism in 224 university students. Presence of at least one copy of the A1 allele was associated with significantly higher Extraversion. The robustness of this finding was confirmed through bootstrap analysis. Findings are discussed in relation to the broader literature, in particular, methodological issues which may have obscured this finding in previous research.

Item Type:


Identification Number (DOI):

Additional Information:

The first author would like to acknowledge financial support
from the British Academy (PDF/2006/291 and SG-44287) and the
University of London Central Research Fund (AR/CRF/B).

Departments, Centres and Research Units:



14 January 2010Published

Item ID:


Date Deposited:

02 Mar 2011 12:30

Last Modified:

04 Jul 2017 10:31

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.


Edit Record Edit Record (login required)