TMS produces two dissociable types of speech disruption

Stewart, Lauren; Walsh, Vincent; Frith, Uta and Rothwell, John. 2001. TMS produces two dissociable types of speech disruption. NeuroImage, 13(3), pp. 472-478. ISSN 1053-8119 [Article]


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Abstract or Description

We aimed to use repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) to disrupt speech with the specific objective of dissociating speech disruption according to whether or not it was associated with activation of the mentalis muscle. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) was applied over two sites of the right and left hemisphere while divisions counted aloud and recited the days of the week, months of the year, and nursery rhymes. Analysis of EMG data and videotaped recordings showed that rTMS applied over a posterior site, lateral to the motor hand area of both the right and the left hemisphere resulted in speech disruption that was accompanied by activation of the mentalis muscle, while rTMS applied over an anterior site on the left but not the right hemisphere resulted in speech disruption that was dissociated from activation of the mentalis muscle. The findings provide a basis for the use of subthreshold stimulation over the extrarolandic speech disruption site in order to probe the functional properties of this area and to test psychological theories of linguistic function.

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This version is post-print (ie final draft post-refereeing), but does not use publisher's formatting or pagination.


repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS); speech disruption

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19 January 2001Published

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11 Aug 2008 13:07

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29 Apr 2020 15:28

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Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.


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