Quality of Life after Brain Injury (QOLIBRI): Scale Development and Metric Properties

von Steinbüchel, Nicole; Wilson, Lindsay; Hawthorne, Graeme; Gibbons, Henning; Höfer, Stefan; Schmidt, Silke; Bullinger, Monika; Maas, Andrew; Neugebauer, Edmund; Powell, Jane H.; von Wild, Klaus; Zitnay, George; Bakx, Wilbert; Christensen, Anne-Lise; Koskinen, Sanna; Sarajuuri, Jaana; Formisano, Rita; Sasse, Nadine and Truelle, Jean-Luc. 2010. Quality of Life after Brain Injury (QOLIBRI): Scale Development and Metric Properties. Journal of Neurotrauma, 27(7), pp. 1167-1185. ISSN 0897-7151 [Article]

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Abstract or Description

The consequences of traumatic brain injury (TBI) for health-related quality of life (HRQoL) are poorly investigated, and a TBI-specific instrument has not previously been available. The cross-cultural development of a new measure to assess HRQoL after TBI is described.
An international TBI Task Force derived a conceptual model from previous work, constructed an initial item bank of 148 items, and then reduced the item set through two successive multi-centre validation studies. The first study with eight language versions of the QOLIBRI recruited 1528 participants with TBI and the second with six language versions 921 participants. The data from 795 participants from the second study who had complete GCS and GOS data were used to finalise the instrument.
The final version of the QOLIBRI consists of 37 items in six scales. Satisfaction is assessed in the areas of “Cognition”, “Self”, “Daily life and Autonomy”, and “Social Relationships” and feeling bothered by “Emotions “and “Physical Problems”. The QOLIBRI scales meet standard psychometric criteria (internal consistency, alpha = .75 to .89, test-retest reliability, rtt = .78 to .85). Test-retest reliability (rtt = 0.68 to 0.87) as well as internal consistency (alpha = .81 to .91) was also good in a subgroup of participants with lower cognitive performance. Although there is one strong HRQoL factor, a six scale structure explaining additional variance was validated by exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses and with Rasch modelling.

The QOLIBRI is a new cross-culturally developed instrument for assessing HRQoL after TBI that fulfils standard psychometric criteria. It is potentially useful for clinicians and researchers conducting clinical trials, assessing the impact of rehabilitation or other interventions, or carrying out epidemiological surveys.

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Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Research Office > REF2014


26 July 2010Published

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Date Deposited:

17 Oct 2011 12:20

Last Modified:

29 Apr 2020 15:31

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Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.



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