Executive Functioning, Motor Difficulties, and Developmental Coordination Disorder

Leonard, Hayley C.; Bernardi, M.; Hill, Elisabeth L. and Henry, L.A.. 2015. Executive Functioning, Motor Difficulties, and Developmental Coordination Disorder. Developmental Neuropsychology, 40(4), pp. 201-215. ISSN 8756-5641 [Article]

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Abstract or Description

The current study assessed a comprehensive range of executive functions (EFs) in children with poor motor skills, comparing profiles of children with a diagnosis of developmental coordination disorder (DCD) and those identified with motor difficulties (MD). Children in both groups performed more poorly than typically-developing controls on nonverbal measures of working memory, inhibition, planning and fluency, but not on tests of switching. The similar patterns of strengths and weaknesses in children with MD and DCD have important implications for parents, teachers and clinicians, as children with MD may struggle with EF tasks even though their motor difficulties are not identified.

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This research was supported by a grant from The Waterloo Foundation to L. Henry (Ref: 1121/ 1555).


executive functioning, motor skills, Developmental Coordination Disorder, screening, child development

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15 July 2015Published

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Date Deposited:

06 Jan 2015 16:32

Last Modified:

29 Apr 2020 16:04

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.



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