Cultural Elements in English as a Lingua Franca

Cogo, Alessia. 2018. Cultural Elements in English as a Lingua Franca. In: John I. Liontas, ed. The TESOL Encyclopedia of English Language Teaching. Hoboken: Wiley. ISBN 9781118784228 [Book Section]

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Abstract or Description

This entry offers an overview of research concerning English as a lingua franca (ELF) and its applications for language teaching. It begins by exploring the dynamic, co‐constructed, and intercultural nature of ELF, focusing on pragmatic and multilingual aspects, before concentrating on pedagogical implications.

Throughout the examination of research and applications, the emphasis is on how ELF is not a neutral medium but a complex phenomenon, which is constantly adapting and co‐constructing intercultural elements according to the context in which it is used. The fluidity of this kind of communication, its “inherent variability,” and intercultural nature raise questions for pedagogical applications for the language classroom, which are addressed in the last section. These relate to curriculum design, materials, a reconceptualization of the notion of communicative competence, and ultimately a change of mindset for an ELF‐informed pedagogy.

Item Type:

Book Section

Identification Number (DOI):


ELF pragmatics, ELF‐informed pedagogy, ESL/EFL, English as a lingua Franca, cultural elements, multilingual resources

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

English and Comparative Literature


18 January 2018Published

Item ID:


Date Deposited:

05 Apr 2016 11:13

Last Modified:

29 Aug 2019 15:02


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