Citizen Snowden

Isin, Engin and Ruppert, Evelyn. 2017. Citizen Snowden. International Journal of Communication, 11, pp. 843-857. ISSN 1932-8036 [Article]

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Abstract or Description

What kind of citizenship has Snowden performed? Apparently it is not American citizenship because American authorities attempted to try him for treason and he became a stateless fugitive. After requesting political asylum in 21 countries he was eventually granted temporary asylum in Russia. Neither states nor international organizations recognized his act as an act of citizenship. Did Snowden perform a citizenship that is yet to come? Did he perform an international citizenship? The issue of rights usually recognized in the literature on the debate about Snowden’s act concerns its content such as the practices of states spying on their citizens. This article focuses on the act itself as making digital rights claims that don’t yet exist in law. We argue that just as Snowden’s act disrupted surveillance practices that evermore traverse national borders it also called for digital rights and responsibilities that traverse national legal orders.

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citizenship, performativity, international politics, digital rights

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1 February 2017Published Online
27 November 2016Accepted

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Date Deposited:

12 Dec 2016 14:28

Last Modified:

29 Apr 2020 16:24

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.


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