Three generations of racism: Black middle-class children and schooling

Vincent, Carol; Ball, Stephen; Rollock, Nicola and Gillborn, David. 2013. Three generations of racism: Black middle-class children and schooling. British Journal of Sociology of Education, 34(5-6), ISSN 0142-5692 [Article]

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Abstract or Description

This paper draws on qualitative data exploring the experiences of first-generation middle-class Black Caribbean-heritage parents, their own parents, and their children. We focus on the different ways in which race and class intersect in shaping attitudes towards education and subsequent educational practices. We argue that the nature of rac- ism has changed, but it still remains, mainly in more subtle, insidious forms. We conclude that race cannot be simply ‘added on’ to class. Race changes how class works, how it is experienced, and the subjecti- vites available to individuals. The paper illustrates how the two intersect, in complex ways, in different historical ‘moments’.

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Black Caribbean, family, social mobility

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Educational Studies


5 March 2013Accepted
12 September 2013Published

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Date Deposited:

06 Jan 2020 11:33

Last Modified:

06 Jan 2020 11:33

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.


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