Male, National, and Religious Collective Narcissism Predict Sexism

Golec de Zavala, Agnieszka and Bierwiaczonek, Kinga. 2021. Male, National, and Religious Collective Narcissism Predict Sexism. Sex Roles, 84(11-12), pp. 680-700. ISSN 0360-0025 [Article]

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Abstract or Description

Results of three cross-sectional studies indicate that sexism in Poland is associated with collective narcissism—a belief that one’s own group’s (the in-group’s) exaggerated exceptionality is not sufficiently recognized by others—with reference to three social identities: male, religious, and national. In Study 1 (n = 329), male collective narcissism was associated with sexism. This relationship was sequentially mediated by precarious manhood and traditional gender beliefs. In Study 2 (n = 877), Catholic collective narcissism predicted tolerance of violence against women (among men and women) over and above religious fundamentalism and in contrast to intrinsic religiosity. In Study 3 (n = 1070), national collective narcissism was associated with hostile sexism among men and women and with benevolent sexism more strongly among women than among men. In contrast, national in-group satisfaction—a belief that the nation is of a high value—predicted rejection of benevolent and hostile sexism among women but was positively associated with hostile and benevolent sexism among men. Among men and women collective narcissism was associated with tolerance of domestic violence against women, whereas national in-group satisfaction was associated with rejection of violence against women.

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Collective narcissism, Sexism, Violence against women, Gender, Religion National identity

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8 September 2020Accepted
5 October 2020Published Online
June 2021Published

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07 Oct 2020 09:00

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27 May 2021 08:15

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Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.


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