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Goldsmiths - University of London

Cross-cultural investigation into cognitive underpinnings of individual differences in early arithmetic

Rodic, Maja; Zhou, Xinlin; Tikhomirova, Tatiana; Wei, Wei; Malykh, Sergei; Ismatulina4, Victoria; Sabirova, Elena; Davidova, Yulia; Grazia Tosto, Maria; Lemelin, Jean-Pascal and Kovas, Yulia. 2014. Cross-cultural investigation into cognitive underpinnings of individual differences in early arithmetic. Developmental Science, pp. 1-10. ISSN 1363-755X [Article]

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Abstract or Description

The present study evaluated 626 5–7-year-old children in the UK, China, Russia, and Kyrgyzstan on a cognitive test battery measuring: (1) general skills; (2) non-symbolic number sense; (3) symbolic number understanding; (4) simple arithmetic – operating with numbers; and (5) familiarity with numbers. Although most inter-population differences were small, 13% of the variance in arithmetic skills could be explained by the sample, replicating the pattern, previously found with older children in PISA. Furthermore, the same cognitive skills were related to early arithmetic in these diverse populations. Only understanding of symbolic number explained variation in mathematical performance in all samples. We discuss the results in terms of potential influences of socio-demographic, linguistic and genetic factors on individual differences in mathematics.

Item Type: Article

Identification Number (DOI):

https://doi.org/10.1111/desc.12204

Additional Information:

The authors gratefully acknowledge the support from the Government of the Russian Federation (grant 11.G34.31.0043), the British Academy, the Royal Society, and the Open Research Fund of the State Key Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience and Learning, Beijing Normal University.

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Psychology

Dates:

DateEvent
26 June 2014Published

Item ID:

10682

Date Deposited:

24 Sep 2014 10:00

Last Modified:

04 Jul 2017 09:25

URI: http://research.gold.ac.uk/id/eprint/10682
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