History and Philosophy of Neural Networks
Bishop, Mark (J. M.). History and Philosophy of Neural Networks. In: Hisao Ishibuchi, ed. EOLSS: Computational Intelligence. UNESCO. [Book Section] (In Press)
Official URL: http://www.eolss.net
Abstract or Description
This chapter conceives the history of neural networks emerging from two millennia of attempts to rationalise and formalise the operation of mind. It begins with a brief review of early classical conceptions of the soul, seating the mind in the heart; then discusses the subsequent Cartesian split of mind and body, before moving to analyse in more depth the twentieth century hegemony identifying mind with brain; the identity that gave birth to the formal abstractions of brain and intelligence we know as ‘neural networks’.