Euro-Creole, Afro-Creole, Meso-Creole: creolization and ethnic identity in west-central Jamaica

Besson, Jean. 2003. Euro-Creole, Afro-Creole, Meso-Creole: creolization and ethnic identity in west-central Jamaica. In: Gordon Collier and Ulrich Fleischmann, eds. A Pepper-Pot of Cultures: Aspects of Creolization in the Caribbean. Amsterdam and New York: Rodopi, pp. 169-188. ISBN 90-420-0928-4 [Book Section]

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Abstract or Description

The terms 'creole' and 'creolization' have witnessed a number of significant semantic changes in the course of their history. Originating in the vocabulary associated with colonial expansion in the Americas it had been successively narrowed down to the field of black American culture or of particular linguistic phenomena. Recently 'creole' has expanded again to cover the broad area of cultural contact and transformation characterizing the processes of globalization initiated by the colonial migrations of past centuries. The present volume is intended to illustrate these various stages either by historical and/or theoretical discussion of the concept or through selected case studies. The authors are established scholars from the areas of literature, linguistics and cultural studies; they all share a lively and committed interest in the Caribbean area - certainly not the only or even oldest realm in which processes of creolization have shaped human societies, but one that offers, by virtue of its history of colonialization and cross-cultural contact, its most pertinent example. The collection, beyond its theoretical interest, thus also constitutes an important survey of Caribbean studies in Europe and the Americas. As well as searching overview essays, there are - sociolinguistic contributions on the linguistic geography of 'criollo' in Spanish America, the Limonese creole speakers of Costa Rica, 'creole' language and identity in the Netherlands Antilles and the affinities between Papiamentu and Chinese in Curacao - ethnohistorical examinations of such topics as creole transgression in the Dominican/Haitian borderland, the Haitian Mandingo and African fundamentalism, creolization and identity in West-Central Jamaica, Afro-Nicaraguans and national identity, and the Creole heritage of Haiti - studies of religion and folk culture, including voodoo and creolization in New York City, the creolization of the "Mami Wata" water spirit, and signifyin(g) processes in New World Anancy tales - a group of essays focusing on the thought of Edouard Glissant, Maryse Conde, and the Creolite writers and case-studies of artistic expression, including creole identities in Caribbean women's writing, Port-au-Prince in the Haitian novel, Cynthia McLeod and Astrid Roemer and Surinamese fiction, Afro-Cuban artistic expression, and metacreolization in the fiction of Robert Antoni and Nalo Hopkinson.

Item Type:

Book Section

Keywords:

Euro-Creole, Afro-Creole, Meso-Creole: creolization and ethnic identity in west-central Jamaica

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Anthropology

Dates:

DateEvent
2003Published

Item ID:

11690

Date Deposited:

15 Jun 2015 08:37

Last Modified:

16 Jun 2017 13:06

URI:

http://research.gold.ac.uk/id/eprint/11690

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