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Getting into musical zone: Trait emotional intelligence and amount of practice predict flow in pianists

Marin, Manuela M and Bhattacharya, Joydeep. 2013. Getting into musical zone: Trait emotional intelligence and amount of practice predict flow in pianists. Frontiers In Psychology, 4(853), ISSN 1664-1078 [Article]

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Abstract or Description

Being “in flow” or “in the zone” is defined as an extremely focused state of consciousness which occurs during intense engagement in an activity. In general, flow has been linked to peak performances (high achievement) and feelings of intense pleasure and happiness. However, empirical research on flow in music performance is scarce, although it may offer novel insights into the question of why musicians engage in musical activities for extensive periods of time. Here, we focused on individual differences in a group of 76 piano performance students and assessed their flow experience in piano performance as well as their trait emotional intelligence. Multiple regression analysis revealed that flow was predicted by the amount of daily practice and trait emotional intelligence. Other background variables (gender, age, duration of piano training and age of first piano training) were not predictive. To predict high achievement in piano performance (i.e., winning a prize in a piano competition), a seven-predictor logistic regression model was fitted to the data, and we found that the odds of winning a prize in a piano competition were predicted by the amount of daily practice and the age at which piano training began. Interestingly, a positive relationship between flow and high achievement was not supported. Further, we explored the role of musical emotions and musical styles in the induction of flow by a self-developed questionnaire. Results suggest that besides individual differences among pianists, specific structural and compositional features of musical pieces and related emotional expressions may facilitate flow experiences. Altogether, these findings highlight the role of emotion in the experience of flow during music performance and call for further experiments addressing emotion in relation to the performer and the music alike.

Item Type:

Article

Identification Number (DOI):

https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00853

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Psychology

Dates:

DateEvent
22 November 2013Published

Item ID:

12130

Date Deposited:

16 Jul 2015 09:21

Last Modified:

30 Jun 2017 13:22

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.

URI:

http://research.gold.ac.uk/id/eprint/12130

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