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Goldsmiths - University of London

Treatment response profiles: An extension of the double dissociation concept in neuropsychological researc

Allen, Rory and Cocchini, Gianna. 2015. Treatment response profiles: An extension of the double dissociation concept in neuropsychological researc. Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, 30, pp. 1-19. ISSN 0960-2011 [Article]

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Abstract or Description

The presence of double dissociations in patients with neurological damage has long been used as evidence that the dissociated functions cannot be explained in terms of a common system or module. Shallice (1988) has suggested that a second procedure, the double critical variable method, can provide evidence forasimilarconclusion.Inthispaperweexaminethesituationwheredoubledissocations are not naturally present, suggesting that the two phenomena are merely aspects of the same underlying condition. We propose that the logic of the double critical variable method can be applied in this situation, whenever responsestotreatmentvaryinaparticularmanneracrosssyndromesandpatients. This logic was previously used by Beschin, Cocchini, Allen, and Della Sala (2012) to show a dissociation between anosognosia and neglect in stroke patients; we suggest that it might have a more general application. As an aid in understanding the concept we also introduce the performance/performance curve; this builds on the existing idea of performance/resource curves to draw a single graph from two such curves, whose points may be derived from direct observation. It enables the empirical testing of hypotheses about the functional form of unobservable performance/resource relationships, and may be of use beyond the existing application to treatment response profiles.

Item Type: Article

Identification Number (DOI):

10.1080/09602011.2015.1064454

Keywords:

Double dissociation; Neurological damage; Performance/performance curves; Performance/resource curves

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Psychology

Dates:

DateEvent
July 2015Published

Item ID:

17525

Date Deposited:

06 Apr 2016 12:19

Last Modified:

30 Jun 2017 14:13

URI: http://research.gold.ac.uk/id/eprint/17525
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