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Effects of culture and the urban environment on the development of the Ebbinghaus illusion.

Bremner, A. J.; Doherty, M. J.; Caparos, S.; De Fockert, J. W.; Linnell, K. J. and Davidoff, Jules B.. 2016. Effects of culture and the urban environment on the development of the Ebbinghaus illusion. Child Development, 87(3), pp. 962-981. ISSN 0009-3920 [Article]

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Abstract or Description

We investigated the development of visual context effects in the Ebbinghaus illusion across UK people and the Himba of Namibia who are remote from Western cultural influence. Traditional Himba showed no illusion up until 9-10 years, whereas UK children show a robust illusion from 7- to 8-years of age. Greater illusion in UK than traditional Himba children was stable from 9-10 years to adulthood. We also examined the Ebbinghaus illusion in Namibian children growing up in the nearest urban conurbation to the traditional Himba villages, finding a sustained influence of the urban environment across childhood and adulthood. We conclude that cross-cultural differences in perceptual biases to process visual context emerge in early childhood and are influenced by the urban environment.

Item Type: Article

Identification Number (DOI):

10.1111/cdev.12511

Keywords:

VISUAL ILLUSIONS, CROSS-CULTURAL DIFFERENCES, SIZE CONTRAST EFFECTS, EBBINGHAUS ILLUSION, TITCHENER’S CIRCLES,

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Psychology

Dates:

DateEvent
5 April 2016Published

Item ID:

17757

Date Deposited:

15 Apr 2016 14:14

Last Modified:

04 Jul 2017 10:09

URI: http://research.gold.ac.uk/id/eprint/17757

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