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Personality dimensions and attitudes towards peace and war

Blumberg, Herbert H.; Zeligman, Ruth; Appel, Liat and Tibon-Czopp, Shira. 2017. Personality dimensions and attitudes towards peace and war. Journal of Aggression, Conflict and Peace Research, 9(1), pp. 13-23. ISSN 1759-6599 [Article]

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Abstract or Description

Purpose
The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship between major personality dimensions and attitudes towards peace and war.

Design/methodology/approach
Three samples – two consisting of British psychology students (n=64 and 121) and one of Israeli students (n=80), responded to measures of some or all of: five-factor inventory, SYMLOG trait form, general survey including authoritarianism; attitudes towards peace and war; specific attitudes towards peace and war policy.

Findings
The general attitude measures were associated with the specific attitudes. Both were associated with authoritarianism but not consistently with other personality dimensions.

Research limitations/implications
Descriptive findings might not generalize and need contextualization. Authoritarianism should be measured in any studies of attitudes related to peace, war, conflict, and structural violence.

Practical implications
Practitioners of peace education may first need to address high authoritarianism and low integrative complexity. Also, countering structural violence related, for instance, to poverty or prejudice/discrimination may require a comprehensive approach including collaborative work with clinical psychologists applying both implicit and explicit assessment tools.

Originality/value
Documenting links (and lack of them) among personality variables and attitudes towards peace and war has practical and theoretical value – and may contribute to organizational schemes shaped by personality structure and bearing implications for negotiations. In terms of a paradigm by Morton Deutsch, our results show individual differences in, and associations among, variables relating to the remediable likelihood of parties being differentially likely to find themselves in negatively vs. positively interdependent situations; and carrying out effective instead of “bungling” actions.

Item Type:

Article

Identification Number (DOI):

https://doi.org/10.1108/JACPR-05-2016-0231

Related URLs:

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Psychology

Dates:

DateEvent
8 August 2016Accepted
1 January 2017Published

Item ID:

19792

Date Deposited:

06 Feb 2017 12:40

Last Modified:

19 Jul 2018 21:48

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.

URI:

http://research.gold.ac.uk/id/eprint/19792

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