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Goldsmiths - University of London

Defining the clinical and cognitive phenotype of child savants with autism spectrum disorder

Bennett, Emily and Heaton, Pam F.. 2017. Defining the clinical and cognitive phenotype of child savants with autism spectrum disorder. Current Pediatric Research, ISSN 0971-9032 [Article]

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Abstract or Description

Objective: Whilst savant syndrome is most commonly observed in individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), it has historically been associated with intellectual impairment, and little is known about the clinical and cognitive characteristics of intellectually able individuals with ASD and savant skills. Methods: Participants with ASD and validated savant skills were compared with age and intelligence matched non-savants with ASD using a range of diagnostic and standardised tests. Results: Although the analysis of the clinical data revealed few differences between the groups, striking differences emerged during cognitive testing. Children with savant skills exhibited highly superior working memory and their scores on tests of analytic skills were also superior to those of non-savants. Conclusion: We propose that obsessionality, focused attention, superior working memory and analytic skills facilitate veridical mapping and pattern perception abilities characteristic in savant syndrome.

Item Type: Article

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Psychology

Dates:

DateEvent
January 2017Published Online

Item ID:

19816

Date Deposited:

10 Feb 2017 10:47

Last Modified:

10 Feb 2017 10:55

URI: http://research.gold.ac.uk/id/eprint/19816

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