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Goldsmiths - University of London

Hemispheric differences between left and right supramarginal gyrus for pitch and rhythm memory

Schaal, Nora K; Pollok, Betina and Banissy, Michael J.. 2017. Hemispheric differences between left and right supramarginal gyrus for pitch and rhythm memory. Scientific Reports, 7(42456), ISSN 2045-2322 [Article]

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Abstract or Description

Functional brain imaging studies and non-invasive brain stimulation methods have shown the importance of the left supramarginal gyrus (SMG) for pitch memory. The extent to which this brain region plays a crucial role in memory for other auditory material remains unclear. Here, we sought to investigate the role of the left and right SMG in pitch and rhythm memory in non-musicians. Anodal or sham transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) was applied over the left SMG (Experiment 1) and right SMG (Experiment 2) in two different sessions. In each session participants completed a pitch and rhythm recognition memory task immediately after tDCS. A significant facilitation of pitch memory was revealed when anodal stimulation was applied over the left SMG. No significant effects on pitch memory were found for anodal tDCS over the right SMG or sham condition. For rhythm memory the opposite pattern was found; anodal tDCS over the right SMG led to an improvement in performance, but anodal tDCS over the left SMG had no significant effect. These results highlight a different hemispheric involvement of the SMG in auditory memory processing depending on auditory material that is encoded.

Item Type:

Article

Identification Number (DOI):

https://doi.org/10.1038/srep42456

Additional Information:

Michael J. Banissy is supported by the ESRC [ES/K00882X/1] and European Commission [CREAM project under Grant Agreement no. 612022]. We would like to thank Nina Heins and Niklas Wessendorf for their help with data collection

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Psychology

Dates:

DateEvent
28 December 2016Accepted
15 February 2017Published

Item ID:

20036

Date Deposited:

16 Mar 2017 13:42

Last Modified:

09 Jul 2018 17:58

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.

URI:

http://research.gold.ac.uk/id/eprint/20036

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