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Dimensions of youth psychopathy differentially predict concurrent pro- and antisocial behavior

Wendt, Guilherme Welter; Jones Bartoli, Alice and Arteche, Adriane. 2017. Dimensions of youth psychopathy differentially predict concurrent pro- and antisocial behavior. Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria, 39(3), ISSN 1516-4446 [Article]

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Abstract or Description

Objective:

To investigate the unique contribution of narcissism and impulsivity, in addition to callous-unemotional (CU) traits, in explaining concurrent prosocial and antisocial behavior.

Method:

Two hundred and forty-nine schoolchildren (53% female; age 9-12 years) completed the self-report Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) and the Antisocial Process Screening Device (APSD). Two statistical models were tested, predicting conduct problems (CP) and prosocial behavior (PB). In the first one, CU traits and gender were entered into the equation. The second model added narcissism and impulsivity.

Results:

Gender, narcissism and impulsivity, but not CU, were statistically significant predictors of CP in the second model (F3,226 = 45.07, p < 0.001, R2 = 43.7%; betas: gender = -0.20, narcissism = 0.29, impulsivity = 0.36, CU = 0.06). PB was significantly predicted by all domains except gender (F3,226 = 42.57, p < 0.001, R2 = 42.4%; betas: gender = 0.08, narcissism = -0.16, impulsivity = -0.23, CU = -0.41).

Conclusion:

Our results confirmed that CU traits refer to a distinct manifestation of psychopathy in youth, but we also found that narcissism and impulsivity are equally important when predicting CP. Previous reports of sex differences on APSD and SDQ domains were also corroborated.

Item Type:

Article

Identification Number (DOI):

https://doi.org/10.1590/1516-4446-2016-2143

Keywords:

Child psychiatry; diagnosis and classification; personality disorders - cluster B (antisocial-borderline-histrionic-narcissistic); violence/aggression; gender differences

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Psychology
Psychology > Unit for School and Family Studies

Dates:

DateEvent
25 March 2017Accepted
1 July 2017Published

Item ID:

20121

Date Deposited:

28 Mar 2017 09:16

Last Modified:

15 Jan 2018 10:34

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.

URI:

http://research.gold.ac.uk/id/eprint/20121

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