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Effects of auditory distraction on voluntary movements: exploring the underlying mechanisms associated with parallel processing

Bigliassi, Marcelo; Karageorghis, Costas I.; Nowicky, Alexander V.; Wright, Michael J. and Orgs, Guido. 2017. Effects of auditory distraction on voluntary movements: exploring the underlying mechanisms associated with parallel processing. Psychological Research, ISSN 0340-0727 [Article]

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Abstract or Description

Highly demanding cognitive-motor tasks can be negatively influenced by the presence of auditory stim- uli. The human brain attempts to partially suppress the pro- cessing of potential distractors in order that motor tasks can be completed successfully. The present study sought to fur- ther understand the attentional neural systems that activate in response to potential distractors during the execution of movements. Nineteen participants (9 women and 10 men) were administered isometric ankle-dorsiflexion tasks for 10 s at a light intensity. Electroencephalography was used to assess the electrical activity in the brain, and a music excerpt was used to distract participants. Three conditions were administered: auditory distraction during the execu- tion of movement (auditory distraction; AD), movement execution in the absence of auditory distraction (control; CO), and auditory distraction in the absence of movement (stimulus-only; SO). AD was compared with SO to iden- tify the mechanisms underlying the attentional processing associated with attentional shifts from internal association (task-related) to external (task-unrelated) sensory cues. The results of the present study indicated that the EMG ampli- tude was not compromised when the auditory stimulus was administered. Accordingly, EEG activity was upregulated at 0.368 s in AD when compared to SO. Source reconstruc- tion analysis indicated that right and central parietal regions of the cortex activated at 0.368 s in order to reduce the processing of task-irrelevant stimuli during the execution of movements. The brain mechanisms that underlie the con- trol of potential distractors during exercise were possibly associated with the activity of the frontoparietal network.

Item Type:

Article

Identification Number (DOI):

https://doi.org/10.1007/s00426-017-0859-5

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Psychology

Dates:

DateEvent
21 March 2017Accepted
8 April 2017Published Online

Item ID:

20498

Date Deposited:

25 May 2017 09:44

Last Modified:

29 Apr 2020 16:27

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.

URI:

http://research.gold.ac.uk/id/eprint/20498

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