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Personal control decreases narcissistic but increases nonnarcissistic in-group positivity

Cichocka, Aleksandra; Golec de Zavala, Agnieszka; Marchlewska, Marta; Bilewicz, Michal; Jaworska, Manana and Olechowski, Mateusz. 2017. Personal control decreases narcissistic but increases nonnarcissistic in-group positivity. Journal of Personality, ISSN 0022-3506 [Article] (In Press)

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Abstract or Description

Objective: We examined the effects of control motivation on in-group positivity. Past research suggests that people compensate for low personal control by increasing support for social ingroups. We predicted that the effect of personal control on in-group positivity would depend on the type of in-group positivity. Low personal control should increase compensatory, narcissistic in-group positivity, while high personal control should increase secure, non-narcissistic in-group positivity. Method: These hypotheses were tested in a cross-sectional survey (Study 1, n= 1083,54% female, Mage= 47.68), two experiments (Study 2, n= 105, 50% female, Mage = 32.05; Study 3, n=154, 40% female, Mage= 29.93) and a longitudinal survey (Study 4, n= 398, 51% female,Mage= 32.05). Results: In all studies personal control was negatively associated with narcissistic in-group positivity but positively associated with non-narcissistic in-group positivity. The
longitudinal survey additionally showed that the positive relationship between personal controland non-narcissistic in-group positivity was reciprocal. Moreover, both types of in-group positivity differentially mediated between personal control and out-group attitudes:narcissistic
in-group positivity predicted negative attitudes and non-narcissistic positivity predicted positive attitudes. Conclusions: These findings highlight the role of individual motivation in fostering
different types of in-group positivity and intergroup outcomes.

Item Type: Article

Identification Number (DOI):

https://doi.org/10.1111/jopy.12328

Additional Information:

Grant DEC-2011/01/B/HS6/04637 from the National Science Center

Keywords:

collective narcissism; defensiveness; in-group identification; personal control; prejudice

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Psychology

Dates:

DateEvent
13 May 2017Accepted
4 July 2017Published

Item ID:

20556

Date Deposited:

04 Jul 2017 15:20

Last Modified:

06 Nov 2017 10:39

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.

URI: http://research.gold.ac.uk/id/eprint/20556

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