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Ghosts in the Machine: Beliefs, Values and Worldviews in the Workplace and Business Environment

Baker, Christopher and Power, Maria. 2018. Ghosts in the Machine: Beliefs, Values and Worldviews in the Workplace and Business Environment. Journal of Beliefs and Values, 39(4), pp. 474-489. ISSN 1361-7672 [Article]

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Abstract or Description

This paper analyses the role and impact of beliefs, values and worldviews (BVW) in the business and work-based environment, and how they are translated and negotiated in non-spiritual and non-sacred spaces. Based on pilot research with a cohort of English Roman Catholic employees and managers conducted within a retreat setting, and as part of a wider research project across religious and non-religious cohorts, the article traces an emerging framework identifying the different variables informing the relationship between BVW and public workplace settings. These variables include: how material structures of the workplace are shaped by the ethical and moral teachings generated by BVW; the close links between BVW (also known as spiritual capital) and agency in the business and work environment; the overlapping but also contrasting relationship between religious and non-religious BVW; and innovative and resilient forms of leadership and change management strategy generated by the reflective prioritising of BVW within these contexts.

Item Type:


Identification Number (DOI):


Beliefs, values and worldviews, leadership, Roman Catholic, spiritual capital, workplace

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Social, Therapeutic & Community Engagement (STaCS)


22 May 2018Accepted
30 May 2018Published

Item ID:


Date Deposited:

07 Jun 2018 13:37

Last Modified:

05 Mar 2019 16:00

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.


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