Research Online

Logo

Goldsmiths - University of London

‘How many’ and ‘how much’ dissociate in the parietal lobe

Lecce, Francesca; Walsh, Vincent; Didino, Daniele and Cappelletti, Marinella. 2015. ‘How many’ and ‘how much’ dissociate in the parietal lobe. Cortex, 73, pp. 73-79. ISSN 0010-9452 [Article]

No full text available

Abstract or Description

We investigated whether two features that are fundamental for quantity processing, namely numerosity and continuous quantity – or 'how many' versus 'how much' – may dissociate in the parietal lobe. Fourteen mathematically-normal participants performed a well-established numerosity discrimination task after receiving continuous theta burst transcranial magnetic stimulation (TBS) over the left or right intraparietal sulcus (IPS) or the Vertex. We performed a detailed analysis of accuracy (based on the Weber Fraction, wf), which distinguished between trials in which numerosity was anti-correlated or 'incongruent' to other continuous measures of quantity, and trials in which numerosity and other continuous features were 'congruent'. Congruent trials can be processed by integrating numerosity or continuous quantity features like cumulative area since they correlate. Instead incongruent trials can only be processed based on numerosity and requires inhibiting cumulative area or other continuous quantity features like dot size and would lead to incorrect judgment if these features are used as a proxy for numerosity.

We found an increase of wf, i.e., weakened numerosity processing in incongruent but not congruent trials following left IPS-TBS, which suggests that numerosity processing was impaired while continuous quantity processing remained unchanged. Moreover, wf increased in congruent but not in incongruent trials following right IPS stimulation. We concluded that left and right parietal are respectively critical for numerosity discrimination, i.e., 'how many' or alternatively for response selection, and for integrating numerosity and continuous quantity features.

Item Type:

Article

Identification Number (DOI):

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cortex.2015.08.007

Keywords:

Numerosity processing, Continuous quantity, Parietal lobe, TMS

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Psychology > Cognitive Neuroscience Unit

Dates:

DateEvent
5 August 2015Accepted
20 August 2015Published Online
1 December 2015Published

Item ID:

23626

Date Deposited:

04 Jul 2018 15:11

Last Modified:

21 Feb 2019 14:28

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.

URI:

http://research.gold.ac.uk/id/eprint/23626

Edit Record Edit Record (login required)