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Self-testing through EPR-steering

Šupić, Ivan and Hoban, Matty J.. 2016. Self-testing through EPR-steering. New Journal of Physics, 18, ISSN 1367-2630 [Article]

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Abstract or Description

The verification of quantum devices is an important aspect of quantum information, especially with the emergence of more advanced experimental implementations of quantum computation and secure communication. Within this, the theory of device-independent robust self-testing via Bell tests has reached a level of maturity now that many quantum states and measurements can be verified without direct access to the quantum systems: interaction with the devices is solely classical. However, the requirements for this robust level of verification are daunting and require high levels of experimental accuracy. In this paper we discuss the possibility of self-testing where we only have direct access to one part of the quantum device. This motivates the study of self-testing via EPR-steering, an intermediate form of entanglement verification between full state tomography and Bell tests. Quantum non-locality implies EPR-steering so results in the former can apply in the latter, but we ask what advantages may be gleaned from the latter over the former given that one can do partial state tomography? We show that in the case of self-testing a maximally entangled two-qubit state, or ebit, EPR-steering allows for simpler analysis and better error tolerance than in the case of full device-independence. On the other hand, this improvement is only a constant improvement and (up to constants) is the best one can hope for. Finally, we indicate that the main advantage in self-testing based on EPR-steering could be in the case of self-testing multi-partite quantum states and measurements. For example, it may be easier to establish a tensor product structure for a particular party’s Hilbert space even if we do not have access to their part of the global quantum system.

Item Type:

Article

Identification Number (DOI):

https://doi.org/10.1088/1367-2630/18/7/075006

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Computing

Dates:

DateEvent
13 June 2016Accepted
6 July 2016Published

Item ID:

24441

Date Deposited:

01 Oct 2018 10:28

Last Modified:

17 Jun 2019 11:40

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.

URI:

http://research.gold.ac.uk/id/eprint/24441

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