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A new method for ecoacoustics? Toward the extraction and evaluation of ecologically-meaningful soundscape components using sparse coding methods

Eldridge, A; Casey, Michael A.; Moscoso, P and Peck, M. 2016. A new method for ecoacoustics? Toward the extraction and evaluation of ecologically-meaningful soundscape components using sparse coding methods. Peerj, ISSN 2167-8359 [Article]

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Abstract or Description

Passive acoustic monitoring is emerging as a promising non-invasive proxy for ecological complexity with potential as a tool for remote assessment and monitoring (Sueur & Farina, 2015). Rather than attempting to recognise species-specific calls, either manually or automatically, there is a growing interest in evaluating the global acoustic environment. Positioned within the conceptual framework of ecoacoustics, a growing number of indices have been proposed which aim to capture community-level dynamics by (e.g., Pieretti, Farina & Morri, 2011; Farina, 2014; Sueur et al., 2008b) by providing statistical summaries of the frequency or time domain signal. Although promising, the ecological relevance and efficacy as a monitoring tool of these indices is still unclear. In this paper we suggest that by virtue of operating in the time or frequency domain, existing indices are limited in their ability to access key structural information in the spectro-temporal domain. Alternative methods in which time-frequency dynamics are preserved are considered. Sparse-coding and source separation algorithms (specifically, shift-invariant probabilistic latent component analysis in 2D) are proposed as a means to access and summarise time-frequency dynamics which may be more ecologically-meaningful.

Item Type:

Article

Identification Number (DOI):

https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.2108

Keywords:

Soundscape ecology, Rapid biodiversity assessment, Ecoacoustics, Automated methods, Sparse coding, Unsupervised learning, Acoustic niche hypothesis, Probabilistic latent component analysis

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Computing

Dates:

DateEvent
30 June 2016Published
14 May 2016Accepted

Item ID:

24668

Date Deposited:

24 Oct 2018 10:39

Last Modified:

24 Oct 2018 10:40

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.

URI:

http://research.gold.ac.uk/id/eprint/24668

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