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Who said what and when? Development and testing of a timeline approach to eliciting information and intelligence about conversations, plots and plans

Hope, Lorraine; Gabbert, Fiona; Kinninger, Max; Kontogianni, Feni; Bracey, Alexandra and Hanger, Adam. 2019. Who said what and when? Development and testing of a timeline approach to eliciting information and intelligence about conversations, plots and plans. Law and Human Behavior, 43(3), pp. 263-277. ISSN 0147-7307 [Article]

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Abstract or Description

The verbal content of interactions (what was said and who said what) can be important as evidence and intelligence information. Across three empirical studies, we examined memory for details of an overheard (Experiment 1) or witnessed (Experiments 2 and 3) conversation using a timeline technique adapted for the reporting of conversations between multiple speakers. Although participants in all conditions received the same general instructions, participants assigned to timeline reporting format reported more verbatim information and made fewer sequencing errors than those using a free recall format. In Experiments 2 and 3, using an extended version of the technique, participants using the timeline reporting format also reported more correct speaker attributions and provided more information about the individuals involved, without compromising accuracy rates. With a large effect size across experiments, these findings suggest that timeline reporting formats facilitate the reporting of episodic memories and benefit the reporting of conversations.

Item Type:

Article

Identification Number (DOI):

https://doi.org/10.1037/lhb0000329

Additional Information:

©2019, American Psychological Association
"This article may not exactly replicate the authoritative document published in the APA journal. It is not the copy of record."

Keywords:

interactions, conversations, memory, timeline reporting

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Psychology > Forensic Psychology Unit

Dates:

DateEvent
2 March 2019Accepted
1 June 2019Published

Item ID:

26364

Date Deposited:

29 May 2019 11:33

Last Modified:

31 May 2019 05:13

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.

URI:

http://research.gold.ac.uk/id/eprint/26364

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