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Objective Patterns of Face Recognition Deficits in 165 Adults with Self-Reported Developmental Prosopagnosia

Bate, Sarah; Bennetts, Rachel J; Gregory, Nicola; Tree, Jeremy J; Murray, Ebony; Adams, Amanda; Bobak, Anna K; Penton, Tegan; Yang, Tao and Banissy, Michael J.. 2019. Objective Patterns of Face Recognition Deficits in 165 Adults with Self-Reported Developmental Prosopagnosia. Brain Sciences, 9(6), p. 133. [Article]

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Abstract or Description

In the last 15 years, increasing numbers of individuals have self-referred to research laboratories in the belief that they experience severe everyday difficulties with face recognition. The condition "developmental prosopagnosia" (DP) is typically diagnosed when impairment is identified on at least two objective face-processing tests, usually involving assessments of face perception, unfamiliar face memory, and famous face recognition. While existing evidence suggests that some individuals may have a mnemonic form of prosopagnosia, it is also possible that other subtypes exist. The current study assessed 165 adults who believe they experience DP, and 38% of the sample were impaired on at least two of the tests outlined above. While statistical dissociations between face perception and face memory were only observed in four cases, a further 25% of the sample displayed dissociations between impaired famous face recognition and intact short-term unfamiliar face memory and face perception. We discuss whether this pattern of findings reflects (a) limitations within dominant diagnostic tests and protocols, (b) a less severe form of DP, or (c) a currently unrecognized but prevalent form of the condition that affects long-term face memory, familiar face recognition or semantic processing.

Item Type:

Article

Identification Number (DOI):

https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci9060133

Additional Information:

S.B. was supported by a British Academy Mid-Career Fellowship (MD170004), and M.J.B. was supported by the Economic and Social Research Council (ES/K00882X/1).

Keywords:

prosopagnosia, face recognition, face perception, individual differences

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Psychology

Dates:

DateEvent
5 June 2019Accepted
6 June 2019Published

Item ID:

27046

Date Deposited:

02 Oct 2019 10:15

Last Modified:

03 Oct 2019 11:26

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.

URI:

http://research.gold.ac.uk/id/eprint/27046

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