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Investigating neuromagnetic brain responses against chromatic flickering stimuli by wavelet entropies

Bhagat, Mayank; Bhushan, Chitresh; Saha, Goutam; Shimjo, Shinsuke; Watanabe, Katsumi and Bhattacharya, Joydeep. 2009. Investigating neuromagnetic brain responses against chromatic flickering stimuli by wavelet entropies. PloS one, 4(9), e7173. ISSN 1932-6203 [Article]

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Abstract or Description

BACKGROUND: Photosensitive epilepsy is a type of reflexive epilepsy triggered by various visual stimuli including colourful ones. Despite the ubiquitous presence of colorful displays, brain responses against different colour combinations are not properly studied. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Here, we studied the photosensitivity of the human brain against three types of chromatic flickering stimuli by recording neuromagnetic brain responses (magnetoencephalogram, MEG) from nine adult controls, an unmedicated patient, a medicated patient, and two controls age-matched with patients. Dynamical complexities of MEG signals were investigated by a family of wavelet entropies. Wavelet entropy is a newly proposed measure to characterize large scale brain responses, which quantifies the degree of order/disorder associated with a multi-frequency signal response. In particular, we found that as compared to the unmedicated patient, controls showed significantly larger wavelet entropy values. We also found that Renyi entropy is the most powerful feature for the participant classification. Finally, we also demonstrated the effect of combinational chromatic sensitivity on the underlying order/disorder in MEG signals. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Our results suggest that when perturbed by potentially epileptic-triggering stimulus, healthy human brain manages to maintain a non-deterministic, possibly nonlinear state, with high degree of disorder, but an epileptic brain represents a highly ordered state which making it prone to hyper-excitation. Further, certain colour combination was found to be more threatening than other combinations.

Item Type:

Article

Identification Number (DOI):

https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0007173

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Psychology

Dates:

DateEvent
2009Published

Item ID:

4219

Date Deposited:

18 Oct 2010 10:49

Last Modified:

11 Jul 2018 05:51

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.

URI:

http://research.gold.ac.uk/id/eprint/4219

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