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Goldsmiths - University of London

Pitch memory, labeling and disembedding in autism

Heaton, Pam F.. 2003. Pitch memory, labeling and disembedding in autism. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 44(4), pp. 543-551. ISSN 00219630 [Article]

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Abstract or Description

Background: Autistic musical savants invariably possess absolute pitch ability and are able to disembed individual musical tones from chords. Enhanced pitch discrimination and memory has been found in non-savant individuals with autism who also show superior performance on visual disembedding tasks. These experiments investigate the extent that enhanced disembedding ability will be found within the musical domain in autism.

Method: High-functioning children with autism, together with age- and intelligence-matched controls, participated in three experiments testing pitch memory, labelling and chord disembedding.

Results: The findings from experiment 1 showed enhanced pitch memory and labelling in the autism group. In experiment 2, when subjects were pre-exposed to labelled individual tones, superior chord segmentation was also found. However, in experiment 3, when disembedding performance was less reliant on pitch memory, no group differences emerged and the children with autism, like controls, perceived musical chords holistically.

Conclusion: These findings indicate that pitch memory and labelling is superior in autism and can facilitate performance on musical disembedding tasks. However, when task performance does not rely on long-term pitch memory, autistic children, like controls, succumb to the Gestalt qualities of chords.

Item Type: Article
Identification Number (DOI): 10.1111/1469-7610.00143
Keywords: Autism, absolute pitch, disembedding abilities, music
Departments, Centres and Research Units: Psychology
Item ID: 433
Date Deposited: 10 Dec 2008 10:36
Last Modified: 21 Jun 2014 14:56
URI: http://research.gold.ac.uk/id/eprint/433

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