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Hypnotizability and immunological response to psychological intervention in HIV

Laidlaw, Tannis M.; Kerstein, Ryan; Bennett, Bryan M.; Naito, Akira; Dwivedi, Prabudha and Gruzelier, John. 2006. Hypnotizability and immunological response to psychological intervention in HIV. Contemporary Hypnosis, 21(3), pp. 126-135. ISSN 0960-5290 [Article]

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Abstract or Description

Objective:

This pilot study related hypnotizability to changes in HIV immune blood markers after two psychological interventions.
Design:

The mean of two blood assays prior to intervention was compared to the results of the blood assay after the intervention.
Intervention:

A course of four weekly 2-hour training sessions coupled with daily self-hypnosis practice was given to 13 participants with diagnosed HIV and for a further participants a similar course was given in a Japanese healing method called Johrei (a total of 22 participants). All were naïve to anti-retroviral medication.
Main outcome measures:

CD4+ T cell counts, viral load of the HIV virus in blood.
Results:

When highly hypnotizable subjects were compared to those of lower hypnotizability in a repeated measures analysis, their CD4+ t-lymphocyte counts were significantly higher (p = 0.007). This was achieved by the highly hynotizable subjects non-significantly raising their CD4+ counts while the CD4+ counts of the less hynotizable subjects declined significantly (mean change = −79.4 p = 0.006). The differences in CD4+ T cell % of lymphocytes and the viral loads did not differ
Conclusions:

This pilot study indicates that hypnotizability may predict immunological response to psychological interventions in HIV.

Item Type:

Article

Identification Number (DOI):

https://doi.org/10.1002/ch.297

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Psychology

Dates:

DateEvent
2006Published

Item ID:

5209

Date Deposited:

16 Mar 2011 08:24

Last Modified:

30 Jun 2017 15:27

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.

URI:

http://research.gold.ac.uk/id/eprint/5209

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