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Cortical and Autonomic Correlates of Visual Selective Attention in Introverted and Extraverted Children

Althaus, Monika; Gomarus, H. Karin; Wijers, Albertus; Mulder, Lambertus J. M.; Van Velzen, Jose L. and Minderaa, Ruud B.. 2005. Cortical and Autonomic Correlates of Visual Selective Attention in Introverted and Extraverted Children. Journal of Psychophysiology, 19(1), pp. 35-49. ISSN 0269-8803 [Article]

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Abstract or Description

We investigated the performance on a selective attention task in two groups of 8- to 12-year-old healthy children being characterized as extraverted and introverted, respectively. During task performance EEG-activity was recorded to investigate differential effects on a specific selection-related potential, the N2b. Cardiac activity was recorded continuously before, during and after task performance. Spectral energy was computed for three distinguishable frequency bands corresponding with a low (LF), mid- (MF), and high-frequency (HF) component in heart rate variability (HRV). The extraverted children were found to show greater perceptual sensitivity in response to irrelevant information. They also exhibited a greater N2b-component while showing significantly greater decreases in, particularly, the LF- and MF-power of HRV during task performance as compared to baseline periods. The magnitude of the N2b and the task-related decreases in LF-power of HRV were found to correlate significantly with the degree of extraversion and task performance, as well as with each other. The findings are discussed in the light of how selective attention and changes in physiological state may be related to the children's temperament.

Item Type:

Article

Identification Number (DOI):

https://doi.org/10.1027/0269-8803.19.1.35

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Psychology

Dates:

DateEvent
2005Published

Item ID:

5496

Date Deposited:

01 Apr 2011 08:34

Last Modified:

04 Jul 2017 13:54

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.

URI:

http://research.gold.ac.uk/id/eprint/5496

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