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Goldsmiths - University of London

Hippocampal involvement in spatial and working memory: a structural MRI analysis of patients with unilateral mesial temporal lobe sclerosis

Abrahams, Sharon; Morris, RG; Polkey, CE; Jarosz, JM; Cox, TCS; Graves, M and Pickering, Alan. 1999. Hippocampal involvement in spatial and working memory: a structural MRI analysis of patients with unilateral mesial temporal lobe sclerosis. Brain and Cognition, 41(1), pp. 39-65. ISSN 0278-2626 [Article]

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Abstract or Description

Forty-seven patients with unilateral temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) were investigated on the Nine-Box Maze. The task was designed to compare working memory and spatial mapping theories of the functions of the hippocampus and provide measures of spatial, object, working, and reference memory. The results extended our previous findings in a larger group of patients. Spatial memory deficits across both working and reference memory conditions were found in patients with a right epileptogenic focus. There was no evidence of an object working memory deficit, but a nonlateralized impairment in object reference memory was revealed, which is consistent with our previous findings. The pattern of results was confirmed in a subgroup of 33 patients with unilateral atrophy localized to the hippocampus and parahippocampal gyrus, as verified by volumetric analysis of magnetic resonance images. In addition spatial memory errors significantly correlated with volumetric measures of mesial temporal lobe structures and not with measures of the remaining temporal cortex. In contrast, object reference memory errors correlated with volumetric measures of the temporal cortex and not with mesial temporal lobe structures. These findings support a specialized role for the right hippocampal region in spatial memory.

Item Type: Article

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Psychology

Dates:

DateEvent
1999Published

Item ID:

8440

Date Deposited:

18 Mar 2015 11:41

Last Modified:

04 Jul 2017 10:31

URI: http://research.gold.ac.uk/id/eprint/8440
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