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Disrupting feedback processing interferes with rule-based but not information-integration category learning

Maddox, W Todd; Ashby, F Gregory; Ing, A David and Pickering, Alan. 2004. Disrupting feedback processing interferes with rule-based but not information-integration category learning. Memory & Cognition, 32(4), pp. 582-591. ISSN 0090-502X [Article]

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Abstract or Description

The effect of a sequentially presented memory scanning task on rule-based and informationintegration category learning was investigated. On each trial in the short feedback-processing time condition, memory scanning immediately followed categorization. On each trial in the long feedbackprocessing time condition, categorization was followed by a 2.5-sec delay and then memory scanning. In the control condition, no memory scanning was required. Rule-based category learning was significantly worse in the short feedback-processing time condition than in the long feedback-processing time condition or control condition, whereas information-integration category learning was equivalent across conditions. In the rule-based condition, a smaller proportion of observers learned the task in the short feedback-processing time condition, and those who learned took longer to reach the performance criterion than did those in the long feedback-processing time or control condition. No differences were observed in the information integration task. These results provide support for a multiple-systems approach to category learning and argue against the validity of single-system approaches.

Item Type:

Article

Identification Number (DOI):

https://doi.org/10.3758/BF03195849

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Psychology

Dates:

DateEvent
2004Published

Item ID:

8443

Date Deposited:

17 Mar 2015 15:57

Last Modified:

04 Jul 2017 10:31

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.

URI:

http://research.gold.ac.uk/id/eprint/8443

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