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Personality, punishment, and procedural learning: a test of J. A. Gray's anxiety theory.

Corr, Philip J; Pickering, Alan and Gray, Jeffrey A. 1997. Personality, punishment, and procedural learning: a test of J. A. Gray's anxiety theory. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 73(2), pp. 337-344. ISSN 0022-3514 [Article]

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Abstract or Description

Effects of punishment and personality on a phylogenetically old form of knowledge acquisition, procedural learning, were studied to test J. A. Gray's (1970, 1987, 1991) theory of anxiety. Broad measures of personality (extraversion, E; neuroticism, N; and psychoticism, P) and specific measures of trait anxiety (Anx) and impulsivity (Imp) were taken. Punishment led to response invigoration, reducing reaction time latency, but this was not related to personality. A negative correlation of P and learning was observed in both punishment and control conditions. In support of Gray's theory, high Anx improved learning under punishment (and impaired learning under control), and low Anx improved learning under control (and impaired learning under punishment). These data are contrasted with H. J. Eysenck's (1967) arousal theory of personality. Results point to a new behavioral tool with which researchers can explore further the interaction of reinforcement, arousal, and personality.

Item Type:

Article

Identification Number (DOI):

https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.73.2.337

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Psychology

Dates:

DateEvent
August 1997Published

Item ID:

8448

Date Deposited:

20 Mar 2015 11:11

Last Modified:

04 Jul 2017 10:31

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.

URI:

http://research.gold.ac.uk/id/eprint/8448

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