Research Online

Logo

Goldsmiths - University of London

Sociability/impulsivity and caffeine-induced arousal: Critical flicker/fusion frequency and procedural learning

Corr, Philip J; Pickering, Alan and Gray, Jeffrey A. 1995. Sociability/impulsivity and caffeine-induced arousal: Critical flicker/fusion frequency and procedural learning. Personality and Individual Differences, 18(6), pp. 713-730. ISSN 0191-8869 [Article]

No full text available

Abstract or Description

The influence of sociability/impulsivity in caffeine-induced arousal effects was investigated in two separate experiments: Experiment 1 examined critical flicker/fusion frequency change scores (ΔCFFT) in 60 subjects; and Experiment 2 investigated procedural learning in 30 subjects. In the two experiments, subjects received either caffeine citrate (500 mg) or placebo. The pattern of results was consistent across both studies:(1) a strong interactive effect of sociability (as measured by the EPQ extraversion scale) by caffeine/placebo which showed that (a) subjects low in sociability showed the greatest increase in ACFFT and learned most under placebo, while the reverse was true under caffeine; (b) subjects high in sociability, showed no increase in ΔCFFT and learned least under placebo, while the reverse was true under caffeine; and (2) in neither experiment did impulsivity (as measured by the EPS impulsiveness scale) significantly interact with caffeine/placebo. The results are consistent with Eysenck's (The Biological Basis of Personality, 1967) theory of personality in suggesting that subjects low in sociability are highly arousable under low-arousal (placebo) but over-aroused under high-arousal (caffeine), with the reverse pattern of effects holding for subjects high in sociability. The implications of these data for the respective roles of sociability and impulsivity components of extraversion in arousal-mediated performance are discussed.

Item Type:

Article

Identification Number (DOI):

https://doi.org/10.1016/0191-8869(95)00001-M

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Psychology

Dates:

DateEvent
June 1995Published

Item ID:

8461

Date Deposited:

20 Mar 2015 13:49

Last Modified:

04 Jul 2017 10:31

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.

URI:

http://research.gold.ac.uk/id/eprint/8461

Edit Record Edit Record (login required)