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Perceptual organization deficits in psychotic patients

Peters, Emmanuelle R; Nunn, Julia A; Pickering, Alan and Hemsley, David R. 2002. Perceptual organization deficits in psychotic patients. Psychiatry Research, 110(2), pp. 125-135. ISSN 0165-1781 [Article]

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Abstract or Description

It has been proposed that a characteristic of schizophrenic processing is an abnormality of top-down processing. The relationship between impaired top-down processing and symptoms of reality distortion was investigated using a ‘degraded interference’ task. In this task, fragmented stimuli (Stroop words, control words and crosses) are presented on a computer screen, and the extent to which they are visually integrated is inferred by their interfering properties. It was predicted that psychotic individuals would fail to show an interference effect with degraded Stroop stimuli. This predicts the absence of a delay in reaction time in the experimental condition, which therefore cannot be attributed to a generalized deficit. A sample of inpatients experiencing positive symptoms was compared to a healthy control group. The results provided support for a deficiency in top-down processing, with the psychotic group failing to show the significant degraded interference effect found in the healthy controls. Degraded interference was associated with low verbal IQ, but with no other symptomatic or demographic variables.

Item Type:

Article

Identification Number (DOI):

https://doi.org/10.1016/S0165-1781(02)00096-3

Additional Information:

This research was supported by the Hazel Clifford Studentship (University of London) and a Wellcome Trust Post-doctoral Fellowship, both awarded to the first author. The computer equipment was purchased with the aid of a grant from the Central Research Fund, University of London.

Keywords:

Schizophrenia; Top-down processing; Perceptual organization; Degraded Stroop

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Psychology

Dates:

DateEvent
2002Published

Item ID:

8483

Date Deposited:

18 Mar 2015 09:46

Last Modified:

04 Jul 2017 10:31

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.

URI:

http://research.gold.ac.uk/id/eprint/8483

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