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Support for a two-factor model of impulsivity and hazardous substance use in British and Australian young adults

Gullo, Matthew J; Ward, Elizabeth; Dawe, Sharon; Powell, Jane H. and Jackson, Chris J.. 2011. Support for a two-factor model of impulsivity and hazardous substance use in British and Australian young adults. Journal of Research in Personality, 45(1), pp. 10-18. ISSN 0092-6566 [Article]

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Abstract or Description

Multiple lines of evidence suggest impulsivity comprises two distinct components relevant to substance misuse. Reward drive reflects sensitivity to rewarding stimuli and subsequent approach motivation. Rash impulsiveness reflects the ability to inhibit such approach behavior in light of negative consequences. However, several studies suggest the latter trait to be a more robust predictor. This begs the question as to whether a less parsimonious two-factor model is necessary. This study employed structural equation modeling to compare the fit of one- and two-factor impulsivity models to alcohol and drug use data provided by British (n = 183) and Australian (n = 271) young adults. Results consistently supported the two-factor model and its cross-cultural consistency, with rash impulsiveness being the more robust predictor.

Item Type:

Article

Identification Number (DOI):

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrp.2010.11.002

Keywords:

Impulsivity; Alcohol; Illicit drugs; Reward drive; Reward sensitivity; Rash impulsiveness; Substance abuse; Addiction; Structural equation modeling; 2-CARS

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Psychology
Research Office > REF2014

Dates:

DateEvent
February 2011Published

Item ID:

8712

Date Deposited:

30 Jul 2013 09:40

Last Modified:

04 Jul 2017 10:39

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.

URI:

http://research.gold.ac.uk/id/eprint/8712

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