The prevalence, types and perceived outcomes of crisis episodes in early adulthood and midlife: A structured retrospective-autobiographical study

Robinson, Oliver C. and Wright, Gordon R. T.. 2013. The prevalence, types and perceived outcomes of crisis episodes in early adulthood and midlife: A structured retrospective-autobiographical study. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 37(5), pp. 407-416. ISSN 0165-0254 [Article]

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Abstract or Description

The objective of the study was to gain data on the prevalence, types and perceived outcomes of crisis episodes in three age decades of adult life: 20–29, 30–39 and 40–49. A further aim was to explore the relationship between crisis occurrence and empathy. A retrospective-autobiographical survey instrument and an empathy questionnaire were administered to 1023 UK-based adults. Prevalence data showed that crisis in the 20–29 decade was reported by 39 of men and 49 of women, while in the 30–39 decade 47 of men and 51 of women reported a crisis, and 46 of men and 59 of women reported a crisis occurring in the 40–49 decade. When prevalence rates were compared by participants’ current age, a recency effect in crisis reporting was apparent. Work-related crises were more common in men, while relationship and family were more common in female crisis. The most common crisis contents across decades and genders were divorce/relationship break-up and debt/financial difficulties. Post-crisis growth was significantly lower in the 40–44 age range in men than in other age ranges for both genders. There was a positive relationship between self-report empathy and number of crisis episodes experienced.

Item Type:

Article

Identification Number (DOI):

https://doi.org/10.1177/0165025413492464

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Psychology

Dates:

DateEvent
September 2013Published

Item ID:

15774

Date Deposited:

16 Dec 2015 12:33

Last Modified:

16 Dec 2015 12:33

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.

URI:

http://research.gold.ac.uk/id/eprint/15774

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