Openness and Intellect Differentially Predict Right-Wing Authoritarianism

Hotchin, Victoria and West, Keon. 2018. Openness and Intellect Differentially Predict Right-Wing Authoritarianism. Personality and Individual Differences, 124, pp. 117-123. ISSN 0191-8869 [Article]

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Abstract or Description

The Big Five factor of Openness/Intellect has shown a robust relationship with Right-Wing Authoritarianism (RWA) across multiple studies, but few have investigated the relative contribution of the Big Five Aspects of Openness and Intellect, with mixed findings. The present correlational study of 304 participants expands previous research by using a multi-dimensional measure of authoritarianism that resolves methodological concerns regarding prior RWA scales. Specifically, structural equation modelling indicated that Openness had a direct effect on the RWA subscales of Conservatism, Authoritarianism and Traditionalism, whilst Intellect had a direct effect on Traditionalism as well as an indirect effect on both Traditionalism and Authoritarianism via Dangerous World Perception. Additionally, the RWA subscales fully mediated the relationship between the personality variables and prejudice towards Dissident and Dangerous groups. Conservatism predicted prejudice towards Dissident groups, whilst Authoritarianism predicted prejudice towards Dangerous groups. The findings are discussed with reference to potential mechanisms underlying these relationships.

Item Type:

Article

Identification Number (DOI):

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2017.11.048

Keywords:

Openness, Intellect, Personality, Prejudice, Authoritarianism, RWA, Conservatism, Traditionalism

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Psychology

Dates:

DateEvent
27 November 2017Accepted
1 April 2018Published

Item ID:

22518

Date Deposited:

05 Dec 2017 17:39

Last Modified:

27 Nov 2019 02:26

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.

URI:

http://research.gold.ac.uk/id/eprint/22518

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