Twin studies of subjective sleep quality and sleep duration, and their behavioral correlates: Systematic review and meta-analysis of heritability estimates

Madrid-Valero, Juan J; Rubio-Aparicio, María; Gregory, Alice M.; Sanchez-Meca, Julio and Ordoñana, Juan R.. 2020. Twin studies of subjective sleep quality and sleep duration, and their behavioral correlates: Systematic review and meta-analysis of heritability estimates. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 109, pp. 78-89. ISSN 0149-7634 [Article]

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Abstract or Description

Twin studies have shown that a substantial proportion of the variance for sleep variables is due to genetic factors. However, there is still considerable heterogeneity among research reports. Our main objectives were to: 1) Review the twin literature regarding sleep quality and duration, as well as their behavioural correlates; 2) Estimate the mean heritability of subjective sleep quality and sleep duration; 3) Assess heterogeneity among studies on these topics; and 4) Search for moderator variables. Two parallel meta-analyses were carried out for sleep quality and sleep duration. Seventeen articles were included in the meta-analysis. Mean MZ correlations were consistently higher than DZ correlations. A mean heritability of 0.31 (95% CI: 0.20, 0.41) was found for subjective sleep quality (range: 0-0.43) and 0.38 (95% CI: 0.16, 0.56) for sleep duration (range: 0-1). Heterogeneity indexes were significant for both sleep quality (I2 = 98.77, p < .001) and sleep duration (I2 = 99.73, p < .001). The high heterogeneity warrants further research considering possible moderators that may affect heritability.

Item Type:

Article

Identification Number (DOI):

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neubiorev.2019.12.028

Keywords:

Heritability, Meta-Analysis, TwinSleep quality, Sleep duration

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Psychology

Dates:

DateEvent
23 December 2019Accepted
30 December 2019Published Online
February 2020Published

Item ID:

28087

Date Deposited:

21 Jan 2020 09:16

Last Modified:

25 Jan 2020 00:04

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.

URI:

http://research.gold.ac.uk/id/eprint/28087

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