Supporting older eyewitnesses’ episodic memory: the self-administered interview and sketch reinstatement of context

Dando, Coral; Gabbert, Fiona and Hope, Lorraine. 2020. Supporting older eyewitnesses’ episodic memory: the self-administered interview and sketch reinstatement of context. Memory, 28(6), pp. 712-723. ISSN 0965-8211 [Article]

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Abstract or Description

Environmental support at retrieval improves episodic performance, yet there exists very few empirically evaluated techniques for supporting older witnesses/victims’ remembering (> 65years). We investigated two techniques for use in a criminal justice context - the Self-Administered Interview and Sketch Reinstatement of Context. Older adults (N =134) witnessed an unexpected live event, following which half immediately completed a Self-Administered Interview and half did not (Time 1). All were interviewed 48 hours later (Time 2) using one of three face-to-face interview techniques: Sketch Reinstatement of Context, Mental Reinstatement of Context, or no support Control. Those who completed a Self-Administered Interview at Time 1 recalled more correct information at Time 2 irrespective of interview condition and confabulated less. Likewise, participants interviewed using the Sketch Reinstatement of Context technique recalled more correct information and confabulated less, whether they had completed a Self-Administered Interview, or not. However, the Self-Administered Interview + Sketch Reinstatement of Context was the most effective combination, indicating an interaction between stabilizing a memory trace quickly and how sketching appears to scaffold memory retrieval during face-to-face interviews.

Item Type:

Article

Identification Number (DOI):

https://doi.org/10.1080/09658211.2020.1757718

Keywords:

Older eyewitnesses, episodic memory, self-administered interview, sketch-reinstatement of context, sketching to remember

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Psychology
Psychology > Forensic Psychology Unit

Dates:

DateEvent
12 April 2020Accepted
27 May 2020Published Online

Item ID:

28392

Date Deposited:

29 Apr 2020 10:27

Last Modified:

22 Jul 2020 01:44

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.

URI:

http://research.gold.ac.uk/id/eprint/28392

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