Clap-along: A negotiation strategy for creative musical interaction with computational systems

Young, Michael W. and Bown, Oliver. 2010. Clap-along: A negotiation strategy for creative musical interaction with computational systems. Proceedings of the International Conference on Computational Creativity 2010, pp. 215-222. [Article]

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Abstract or Description

This paper describes Clap-along, an interactive system for theorising about creativity in improvised musical performance. It ex- plores the potential for negotiation between human and computer par- ticipants in a cyclical rhythmic duet. Negotiation is seen as one of a set of potential interactive strategies, but one that ensures the most equitable correspondence between human and machine. Through mutual negotia- tion (involving listening/feature extraction and adaptation) the two par- ticipants attempt to satisfy their own and each other’s target outcome, without knowing the other’s goal. Each iteration is evaluated by both participants and compared to their target. In this model of negotiation, we query the notion of ‘flow’ as an objective of creative human-computer collaboration. This investigation suggests the potential for sophisticated applications for real-time creative computational systems.

Item Type:



negotiation, computational creativity, optimal flow, human-computer interaction, performance systems, rhythmic patterns

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Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Music > Unit for Sound Practice Research


January 2010Published

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Date Deposited:

23 May 2011 10:02

Last Modified:

29 Apr 2020 15:29

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.


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