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Longitudinal stability of genetic and environmental influences on the association between diurnal preference and sleep quality in young adult twins and siblings

Barclay, Nicola L.; Rowe, Richard; O'Leary, R; Bream, D.E. and Gregory, Alice M.. 2016. Longitudinal stability of genetic and environmental influences on the association between diurnal preference and sleep quality in young adult twins and siblings. Journal of Biological Rhythms, 31(4), pp. 375-386. ISSN 0748-7304 [Article]

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Abstract or Description

Overlapping genetic influences have been implicated in diurnal preference and subjective sleep quality. Our overall aim was to examine overlapping concurrent and longitudinal genetic and environmental effects on diurnal preference and sleep quality over ~5 years. Behavioural genetic analyses were performed on data from the longitudinal British G1219 study of young adult twins and non-twin siblings. 1556 twins and siblings provided data on diurnal preference (Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire) and sleep quality (Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index) at time 1 (mean age=20.30 years, SD=1.76; 62% female); and 862 participated at time 2 (mean age=25.30 years, SD=1.81; 66% female). Preference for eveningness was associated with poorer sleep quality at both time-points (r=.25[95% confidence intervals, (CI)=.20-.30], and r=.21[CI=.15-.28]). There was substantial overlap in the genetic influences on diurnal preference and sleep quality individually, across time (genetic correlations [rA’s]: .64[95% CI = .59-.67] and .48[95% CI = .42-.53]). There were moderate genetic correlations between diurnal preference and sleep quality concurrently and longitudinally (rAs=.29-.60). Non-shared environmental overlap was substantially smaller for all cross-phenotype associations (non-shared environmental correlations [rE’s]=-.02-.08). All concurrent and longitudinal associations within and between phenotypes were largely accounted for by genetic factors (explaining between 60%-100% of the associations). All shared environmental effects were non-significant. Non-shared environmental influences played a smaller role on the associations between phenotypes (explaining between -.06%-40% of the associations). These results suggest that to some extent similar genes contribute to the stability of diurnal preference and sleep quality throughout young adulthood, but also that different genes play a part over this relatively short time-frame. While there was evidence of genetic overlap between phenotypes concurrently and longitudinally, the possible emergence of new genetic factors (or decline of previously associated factors) suggests that molecular genetic studies focussing on young adults should consider more tightly specified age-groups, given that genetic effects may be time-specific.

Item Type:

Article

Identification Number (DOI):

https://doi.org/10.1177/0748730416653533

Keywords:

Chronotype, diurnal preference, genetic, longitudinal, sleep quality, twins

Departments, Centres and Research Units:

Psychology

Dates:

DateEvent
29 April 2016Accepted
23 June 2016Published Online
1 August 2016Published

Item ID:

18603

Date Deposited:

21 Jun 2016 16:09

Last Modified:

29 Jan 2018 12:39

Peer Reviewed:

Yes, this version has been peer-reviewed.

URI:

http://research.gold.ac.uk/id/eprint/18603

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